Kastamonu is a settlement within the Hittite Empire. Later, it entered under the Phrygian and Lydian Kingdom’s rule. In 3 BC, it came under Persia’s rule.
Trabzon, a place that reflects the unique nature and historical experience of the Black Sea Region, is one of the most important cities in the region.
As one moves from the West to the East across Turkey, the geography escalates, and northern Turkey in particular offers great variations in topography.